|作者：佚名 文章来源：网络 点击数： 更新时间：2018/11/20 12:49:13 |
例： How much is the shirt?
A．￡19.15. B．￡9.18. C．￡9.15.
(C)1.Where is the man's jacket?
A. In the bedroom. B. In the car. C. In Mike's house.
(B)2.Who is leaving for England?
A. Peter. B. Mary. C. The woman.
(A)3.What's the relationship between the speakers?
A. Teacher and student.
B. Doctor and patient.
C. Boss and employee.
(B)4.What does the woman mean?
A. She does not want to eat anything.
B. She wants to eat something.
C. She is getting better now.
(C)5.What time at the latest does the man have to check his ticket?
A. At 12：05. B. At 12：45. C. At 11：35.
(A)6.Who is the man's favorite writer?
A. Jack London. B. O．Henry. C. Mark Twain.
(B)7.When did Jack London go to Canada?
A. In 1916. B. In 1897. C. In 1876.
(C)8.When did the woman break her finger?
A. When doing exercise.
B. When doing farm work.
C. When doing chores.
(B)9.Why did the man have surgery?
A. He hurt his arm. B. He hurt his leg. C. He hurt his back.
(A)10.Where can the girl get an application form?
A. At a post office. B. At a passport office. C. At a bank.
(C)11.What should be signed by either a doctor or a lawyer?
A. The birth certificate. B. The application form. C. The photos.
(B)12.What can we learn from the conversation?
A. The girl is going to Sweden for study.
B. The cost of a new passport is 11 pounds.
C. The girl is under sixteen now.
(C)13.Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. At home. B. On a bus. C. In a car.
(A)14.Where should the speakers be heading?
A. To the village.
B. To the downtown area.
C. To the bank.
(B)15.Why is the woman worried?
A. She does not know how to get to the next block.
B. She thinks she will be late for the party.
C. She does not know whom to ask for help.
(A)16.What will the speakers probably do next?
A. Stop and talk to the policeman.
B. Go to the bank for help.
C. Turn left in the next block.
(B)17.Which of the following things is mentioned in the text?
A. Saying good night.
B. Going home late.
C. Washing before sleeping.
(A)18.What is the easiest to say but the hardest to do for us?
A. To honor our parents.
B. To imitate our parents.
C. To negotiate with our parents.
(C)19.What does the speaker advise us to do if we can't speak to our parents calmly?
A. Send a message. B. Make a call. C. Write a letter.
(B)20.What is the last tip?
A. Trying to reach a compromise with our parents.
B. Telling our parents what we care about and why.
C. Showing love and respect for our parents.
Itching to travel, but still in high school? Looking for ways to get to the top of that pile of admission essays at your dream university? Explore your options through student exchange programs.
Ready to dive in? Here are 3 stellar student exchange programs for college－bound teens.
1．High school exchange in Sydney, Australia with Campus Education Australia
Pack a brown bag with Vegemite sangers because you're heading to Oz! Why not study in the land down under with Campus Education Australia(CEA)? This continent remains a popular destination for college－bound teens who want the exchange student experience without the hassle(麻烦) of learning a foreign language. When classes get too much, go walkabout on the weekends in the outback, in the cities, or along the coastline. Programs run all year round and last as short as nine weeks to as long as 12 months. Bonus: with CEA, you can choose your host family and the high school you want to go to!
2．Study abroad in France with AFS Intercultural Programs
Go to high school in France with AFS Intercultural Programs but think beyond Paris. France has so many places to explore: sprawling cities, small towns, and picturesque villages, from the Alps to the Mediterranean. Stay with a host family to pin down the je ne sais quoi that makes French people tick. For year－long and semester programs, students need to have at least one year of French.
3．Performing Arts Abroad Program to study musical theater in England
Work those jazz hands by signing up for a high school musical theater training program in London with Performing Arts Abroad. Take acting, singing, auditioning, dance, and stage combat classes in some of the West End's most famous studios. Learn from the pros by workshopping with people who actually work in the theater district. Bonus: get a backstage tour and tickets to see at least three shows every week and perform for a top West End agent at the end of the program!
(A)21.You can have an exchange student experience without learning a foreign language in ________．
A. Sydney B. Paris C. England D. France
(C)22.What's special about Campus Education Australia(CEA)?
A. You don't have to stay with a host family.
B. You don't have too many classes.
C. You can choose the high school you want to go to.
D. You can have classes in some of the West End's most famous studios.
(B)23. Who's the passage intended for?
A. Primary school students. B. High school students.
C. College students. D. Parents.
Facebook has turned out to be one of the most visited and most popular social media sites in the world. When it comes to talking about Facebook, we cannot stop ourselves from describing its creator, Mark Zuckerberg. His success story and Facebook have inspired many people all over the world in different ways.
Mark Zuckerberg was born into a well－educated family and developed an interest in computer programming at an early age. His first computer was a Quantex 486DX, powered by the Intel 486 processor. When Mark was 12 years old, his father introduced him to Atari BASIC Programming. At such a young age, Mark managed to use the program to come up with his own messenger called the ZuckNet. Thanks to his first creation, all the computers in his house were connected to the ones in his father's dental office. Within that connected system, the computer users were allowed to send messages to each other.
Mark Zuckerberg created his billion－dollar social networking site based on a simple concept. He was trying to compare photos of two different people and he invited other people to vote and decide which one was better looking. At Harvard University, with his three classmates, he had come up with the Facebook's predecessor, Facemash. Mark Zuckerberg finally started to write the code for a new website later known as Facebook in 2004. This new site was equipped with new ideas and more useful features, including a section where users can share their comments. Facebook managed to become popular with many more users at many universities around the country. It only took less than a few months for Mark Zuckerberg to spread his networking site to countless numbers of schools and universities in the United States and Canada.
Six years later, TIME magazine made him Person of the Year for his social networking site. In 2018, Forbes included Mark in the list of the 400 richest people in the world.
(D)24.What's Zuckerberg's first achievement as a programmer?
A. A billion－dollar social networking site.
B. Atari BASIC Programming.
D. Messenger ZuckNet.
(D)25.What do we know about Facebook?
A. Mark wrote the code for it with his classmates.
B. Mark first managed to spread it among IT businesses.
C. It is directly based on ZuckNet.
D. It has helped Mark rank among top billionaires around the world.
(D)26.When did TIME magazine feature Mark Zuckerberg on its cover?
A. In 2004. B. In 2015.
C. In 2014. D. In 2010.
(C)27.Which of the following have contributed to Zuckerberg's success?
① Support of his family. ② Gift for computer programming.
③ Popularity at university. ④ Teamwork.
A. ①②③ B. ①③④ C. ①②④ D. ②③④
Time flies, but the tracks of time remain in books and museums. This is what made a recent tragedy in Brazil even more terrible.
On Sept.2, a big fire ripped(撕裂) through the National Museum of Brazil. “Two hundred years of work, research and knowledge were lost，” Brazilian President Michel Temer wrote on Twitter after the fire. “It's a sad day for all Brazilians.”
Most of the 20 million pieces of history are believed to have been destroyed. Only as little as 10 percent of the collection may have survived, Time reported. Among all the items, there were Egyptian mummies, the bones of uniquely Brazilian creatures such as the long－necked dinosaur Maxakalisaurus, and an 11，500－year－old skull called Luzia, which was considered one of South America's oldest human fossils.
Besides these, Brazil's indigenous(本土的) knowledge also suffered. The museum housed world－famous collections of indigenous objects, as well as many audio recordings of local languages from all over Brazil. Some of these recordings, now lost, were of languages that are no longer spoken.
“The tragedy this Sunday is a sort of national suicide, a crime against our past and future generations，” Bernard Mello Franco, one of Brazil's best－known columnists, wrote on the O Globo newspaper site.
The cause of the fire is still unknown, as BBC News reported on Sept. 3. After the fire burned out, crowds protested outside the museum to show their anger at the loss of the irreplaceable items of historical value.
According to Emilio Bruna, an ecologist at the University of Florida, museums are living, breathing stores of who we are and where we've come from, and the world around us.
Just as underwater grass floats on the surface if it loses its roots, a nation is lost without its memories. The fire at the National Museum of Brazil teaches the world an important lesson: We should never neglect history.
(C)28.What can be summarized as the main idea of the 3rd and 4th paragraphs?
A. Long history of South America. B. Remains from the fire.
C. History and knowledge burned up. D. Mysteries to be solved.
【解析】从第三段第一句Most of the 20 million pieces of history are believed to have been destroyed.和第四段第一句Besides these, Brazil's indigenous(本土的) knowledge also suffered.可知，这两段的主要内容是大火所造成的损失：很多文物以及反映本土人文发展的一些文献被烧毁，所以选C。
(B)29.What opinion may be shared by Bernard Mello Franco and the protesters?
A. The government is to blame for the tragedy.
B. The loss can't be made up for.
C. The museum should be rebuilt.
D. The criminal should be sentenced to death.
(A)30.What does Emilio Bruna compare museums to?
A. Living stores of our past. B. Underwater grass.
C. The oldest fossils. D. National suicide.
(C)31.What may be the best title of the passage?
A. Death of a civilization B. Functions of museums
C. Gone with the fire D. Brazilians' memories
In December 2016 Edgar M．Welch drove six hours from his home to Washington D．C., where he opened fire in a pizzeria with a gun. He had previously read an online news story about the restaurant being the headquarters of a group of child abusers run by Hillary Clinton. He decided to investigate for himself; fortunately, no one was hurt.
The story about Hillary Clinton is one of the most famous examples of the growing phenomenon called ‘fake news’. It was quickly denounced by publications such as The New York Times. However, many people thought that these papers were themselves lying for political ends and instead of disappearing, the fake story snowballed. Tweets from ‘Representative Steven Smith of the 15th District of Georgia' claimed that the mainstream media were telling falsehoods. Even though both this name and district were invented, the message was re－tweeted many times. A YouTube accusation of The New York Times article got 250，000 hits.
Fake news stories can be hard to control for several reasons. Many people mistrust established news sources and others just don't read them, so the debunking(揭穿) of a fake story by a serious newspaper has limited effect. In addition, the Internet is very hard to police. When users are caught misusing one media platform, they simply go to another one or start up a website themselves.
There are also various reasons why people create fake news. Some have political motives, to belittle or attack their opponents. Other websites, like The Onion, deliberately publish fake news as satire－humorous comment on society and current affairs. Another group is in it for the profit: many people clicking on entertaining fake news stories can bring in a lot of advertising revenue. One man running fake news sites from Los Angeles said he was making up to US$30，000 a month in this way. There are also those, like the small－town teenagers in Macedonia who wrote fake news stories about Donald Trump, who seem to be motivated partly by money and partly by boredom.
(D)32.Why did Edgar M．Welch go to the pizzeria?
A. He was trying to commit robbery.
B. He hated all supporters of Hillary Clinton.
C. He was investigating a crime as a private detective.
D. He was concerned about an online news story.
【解析】根据第一段He had previously read an online news story about the restaurant being the headquarters of a group of child abusers run by Hillary Clinton.可知，Edgar M．Welch去披萨肉饼店的目的是去弄清楚假新闻中提及的事情。文中并未表明他是一个私人侦探。
(A)33.Which of the following best explains “denounced” underlined in Paragraph 2?
A. Condemned. B. Abused.
C. Followed. D. Proved.
【解析】denounce 谴责。condemn 谴责，责备；abuse 辱骂；follow跟随；prove证明。
(D)34.Which is most unlikely to be a reason for creating fake news?
A. Entertaining others as well as themselves.
B. Commenting on current affairs.
C. Attacking your political opponents.
D. Making money from people who pay to read the stories.
【解析】根据最后一段Another group is in it for the profit: many people clicking on entertaining fake news stories can bring in a lot of advertising revenue. 可知，人们点击假新闻能够带来很多广告收益。写假新闻带来的收益并非来自付费阅读假新闻。
(B)35.How does the author feel about stopping fake news spreading?
A. Cautiously optimistic. B. Doubtful.
C. Positive. D. Indifferent.
【解析】从第三段Fake news stories can be hard to control for several reasons.可知，作者认为假新闻很难控制。doubtful：感到怀疑的；不大可能的。
An artificial reef(礁) is a man－made underwater structure created as a habitat for marine life to assist in promoting the productivity of the ecosystem. There are a wide variety of materials, such as steel or concrete, which can be used as artificial reefs. These materials are stable and environmentally safe. 36.__D__ Once the structure is in place, a live－bottom reef community can form because it provides a hard substrate for marine life.
The term“artificial reef”may be misleading because there is actually nothing artificial about the marine ecosystem around the man－made structure. When the artificial reef is properly designed, placed and constructed, it can be just as productive as natural hard－bottom reef habitat. 37.__F__When we calculate the lifespan of these artificial reef environments, they can remain functional from anywhere for many years.
Artificial reef sites range from small areas to some that can be a square mile in size. 38.__E__It is largely dependent on support from tourists, researchers and fishermen, who object to the use of parts of the ocean floor where interesting plants or animal life exist. 39.__C__
40．__A__In particular, the reefs are useful in aquaculture(水产业) because they are built in very specific places, allowing fish farmers to direct where the schools of fish live and monitor their development easily. In addition, artificial reefs also ensure the presence of organic bio－filters, which are important in helping to clean up fish farms. Finally, the reefs are beneficial because they allow large structures to be recycled, saving on valuable landfill space. Old equipment can now serve a whole new purpose at the bottom of the ocean.
A. The production of artificial reefs has provided people with several important benefits.
B. Currently, artificial reef programs have been refused by many researchers and fishermen.
C. As a result, the reefs tend to be located on flat sand bottoms.
D. They include deliberately－sunken full－sized ships, tires, cars, aircraft, and military tanks.
E. The choice of the position for a reef program can be a complex process.
F. In this case, many creatures choose to live in these locations.
G. Therefore, those dangerous elements can be removed.
36．支撑句，根据前句“有很多材料，比如钢铁和混凝土，可以用作人造礁石，而且这些材料稳固而且环保。” 选项D中的They指代“these materials”，所以此句接着说“这些材料包括故意沉下去的整艘船，轮胎，汽车，飞机，军事坦克等。”利用人称代词解题。所以选D。
37．支撑句，根据前句“当人造礁石得到妥善设计，放置，建造时，就有可能拥有一个像天然硬底礁石栖息地那样高的生产率，” 所以“很多海洋生物选择在此生活。” 所以选F。
Everything about my future was ambiguously assumed. I would get into debt by going to college, and then I would be __41__ to get a job to pay off that debt, while still getting into more and more debt by __42__ a house and a car. It seemed like a never－ending __43__ that had no place for the possibility of a dream.
I want more—but not __44__ in the material sense of personal __45__ and success. I want more out of life. I want a passion as well as a dream that wouldn't let me sleep out of pure excitement. I want to spring out of bed in the morning, rain or __46__， and have that enthusiasm for life that seemed so intrinsic(固有的) in the early childhood.
We all have a dream. It might be clearly __47__ or just a vague idea, but most of us are so __48__ in the mud of insecurity and self－doubt that we just __49__ it as unrealistic or too difficult to pursue. We become so comfortable with the life that has been __50__ for us by our parents, teachers, traditions, and social standards that we feel that it's stupid and unsafe to __51__ losing it for the small hope of achieving something that is more satisfying.
Taking a risk is __52__ a risk. We can, and will, fail, __53__ many, many, many times. But that is what makes it exciting for me. That __54__ can be viewed negatively, or it can __55__ us.
Failing is what makes us grow, and it makes us stronger. The fear of __56__， though, is what makes us sad. So __57__ I couldn't see the future as clearly as before, I took the plunge(投入) in__58__ that in the depths of fear and failure I would come out feeling more __59__ than ever before.
If you feel lost, just take a deep breath and realize that being lost can be a turning point of finding out __60__ you truly are, and what you truly want to do.
(D)41.A. pleased B. encouraged C. disappointed D. forced
(B)42.A. selling B. purchasing C. constructing D. repairing
(C)43.A. dream B. story C. cycle D. dilemma
(A)44.A. necessarily B. possibly C. desperately D. nearly
(B)45.A. expense B. wealth C. addiction D. appetite
(D)46.A. cloud B. shower C. thunder D. shine
(A)47.A. described B. abandoned C. decided D. conducted
(C)48.A. engaged B. lacking C. stuck D. absorbed
【解析】解析见47题。be engaged in从事于……；be stuck in陷入……困境； be lacking in缺乏……；be absorbed in全神贯注于，专心致志于……。
(B)49.A. display B. dismiss C. deliver D. delay
【解析】dismiss：to decide that sb/sth is not important and not worth thinking or talking about不予考虑；摒弃；对……不屑一提。The suggestion should not be dismissed out of hand (＝ without thinking about it)．这建议不应当直接就被摒弃。
(A)50.A. planned out B. put out C. made out D. carried out
【解析】plan out sth 精心安排；筹划；put out熄灭；扑火； make out算出， 产生某种结果；锻炼；设计出； carry out 执行，贯彻；进行(到底)。
(D)51.A. avoid B. imagine C. suggest D. risk
(B)52.A. even B. still C. rather D. only
(C)53.A. fortunately B. finally C. possibly D. hopefully
(A)54.A. uncertainty B. contradiction C. declaration D. prediction
(C)55.A. defeat B. confuse C. inspire D. discourage
(D)56.A. danger B. threat C. growth D. failure
(B)57.A. as though B. even though C. as long as D. as far as
(A)58.A. hopes B. cases C. ways D. terms
(B)59.A. sympathetic B. alive C. confused D. nervous
(D)60.A. as B. whether C. how D. who
As a British meal choice, chippy is 61.__on__ the decline. But one fish and chip shop near York has hit on a new way of attracting customers: translating its menu into Mandarin. Scotts Fish and Chips now 62.__serves__ (serve) more than 100 Chinese holidaymakers a week after launching a Mandarin website 63.__to__promote__ (promote) its deep－fried delicacies on Weibo and WeChat. The Yorkshire chippy's newfound popularity 64.__has__been__put__ (put) down to the fish and chips and pint of beer that Chinese president Xi Jinping 65.__shared__ (share) with then Prime Minister David Cameron in 2015. Three years on, the two countries' relations may have cooled, but the “Xi effect” appears to be very real.
The staff want to make dining at the restaurant a real occasion for the visitors, with the chefs and the waiters 66.__regularly__ (regular) posing for selfies with their Chinese diners. “We have fun and we make them feel welcome. They like taking pictures, 67.__so__ it's something to share with family and friends.” Scotts' manager, Roxy Vasai said. The staff have started learning a little bit of Chinese too, things like ‘thank you' and ‘bye bye'.
68．__Though/Although/While__ the restaurant sits next to 69.__a__ McDonalds on a busy road six miles southwest of York, the global fast－food giant appears to be no competition for the local－run chippy — at least, not with Chinese 70.__visitors__ (visit)．
第四部分 写作(共两节，满分 35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题；每小题1分，满分10 分)
In the last ten months, my family and I hadhave started working towards a greener life.
My dad and mum drive less and often take bus to work.They are to save gas
when they cook.We recycle things and we give old clothes and furnituresfurniture to the people
I believe there is a lot more that what we can do.For example，we can try to use
fewerless water by turning onoff the tap when we brush our teeth.Taking shorter showers will
SaveSaving the planet needs everyone's effort.Although each one of may only do a
little，yet together we can make a big difference.
How are things going with you? To promote mutual understanding, our school website is launching an essay－writing campaign intended for foreign high school students in China. I'm writing to inform you of the information in detail and hope you will contribute your wonderful work.
The theme of the campaign is “China in My Eyes”. You can write in either Chinese or English about what impresses you most in China. If you like, please submit your work to firstname.lastname@example.org before Nov. 15, 2018.
Expecting your wonderful experiences in China to be shared soon. If you need my help, please don't hesitate to let me know.
How's it going? I hope you are well. To let more foreign guests know about China, our school website has established a column focused on writing about “China in My Eyes”. I hope you can submit your article to us and get it published there.
Fun stories happening to you during your stay in China, especially something culturally different from yours, are welcome. If possible, you can talk about Chinese economy or education from your perspective. Please send your work (either in Chinese or in English) to email@example.com by Nov.15, 2018. Please email me anytime you have anything unclear.
M: Have you seen my jacket? It's not on the wall in the bedroom.
W: It may be left in the car.
M: No, it isn't. Oh, I remember. I was wearing it at Mike's house yesterday. It must be left there.
W: You ran into Peter on the street yesterday? Did he say anything about Mary?
M: Yes. She ought to be leaving Toronto very soon，because she has been admitted to Cambridge University.
W: Good morning，sir! Excuse me for being late. I was caught in a traffic jam on my way to school.
M: OK. I hope you will leave your house earlier tomorrow morning. Take your seat, please.
M: You should stay in bed for another day or two, and you shouldn't eat too much.
W: But doctor, I haven't eaten anything for three days.
W: We can start at 9：00 and arrive in Changsha around 12：00. Is it OK?
M: Can we start earlier? My train will start at 12：05, and it will stop checking tickets at least 30 minutes ahead.
M: Have you read the story “The Gift of the Magi” written by American writer, O．Henry?
W: Yes. I enjoy reading his short stories. What I admire about him most is that he started to write stories while he was in prison. Who is your favorite writer, Mark Twain, Ernest Hemingway or Jack London?
M: Jack London. He was born into a poor family in San Francisco in 1876. In 1897, he went to the Klondike in Canada. He liked to put his adventures into his most famous stories and novels. London continued to travel until a few years before his death in 1916. Now I'm reading his story Love of Life. I'm sure you will like his works.
W: Great! Can you lend it to me after you finish it?
M: No problem.
M: Hello, Karen. You look upset. What's wrong? Is everything all right?
W: It's nothing. I'm just a little nervous. I'm having surgery tomorrow on my finger.
M: What's wrong with your finger?
W: I broke it the other day doing the housework.
M: Oh, that's terrible.
W: Yes, it's been bothering me since that day.
M: Are you afraid of having surgery.
W: Yes, I've never had surgery before.
M: I wouldn't worry. I had to have surgery on my leg last year. Everything went fine.
W: Were you nervous before the surgery?
M: A little. Who's your doctor?
W: Dr. Allen.
M: Oh, I've heard he's really good. I don't think you have anything to worry about.
W: Good. That makes me feel much better.
W: Good morning. I'm going to Sweden for a holiday this summer and I need a passport. Could you tell me what I have to do?
M: Yes, of course. Are you over sixteen?
M: Right. You can get an application form at any post office. Just ask for Form “A”．Fill it in and send it to the passport office with two photos of yourself signed by either a lawyer or a doctor.
W: What else do I have to send?
M: Your birth certificate.
W: How much should I pay?
M: The fee is eleven pounds.
W: OK, thank you.
W: Where on earth is it, John? I hope we are going the right way.
M: Emm... Judging by the traffic, I think we are near the heart of the downtown area.
W: Oh no. We should be heading for the village. Did I make a wrong turn?
M: I'm not sure, but I guess that you turned right when you should have turned left.
W: Well, now the problem is how to get back onto the main highway. It's too bad that we will be late for the party.
M: Don't worry. There is still enough time.Why don't we stop and ask someone?
W: OK. Let's stop along the next block. I think I see a policeman up there in front of the bank.
Good communication is important for parents and children of all ages. You might disagree with your parents over something simple, like coming home late. But other disagreements might be more complicated. The following are a few tips to help bridge the generation gap.
First, the easiest to say but the hardest to do is to honour your parents. Focus on good memories you have of you parents. Remember something they said or they did that you appreciated or something they did that impressed you. Approach your parents about an issue with these memories in mind. Also, negotiate rather than argue. This tip can help any relationship. Don't approach your parents when you are angry. If you don't think you can speak to them calmly, try writing a letter. Trying to reach a compromise is also advisable. Of course, your parents might refuse to compromise on an issue. In these situations, it is especially important to show love and respect for them. Showing respect will keep your relationship strong. Lastly, tell your parents what you care about, and why. A good relationship with your parents can make you a better and happier person. It will be worth the effort.
题序 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
答案 C B A B C A B C B A C B C A B
题序 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
答案 A B A C B A C B D D D C C B A
题序 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
答案 C D A D B D F E C A D B C A B
题序 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
答案 D A C B A D B C A C D B A B D
61.on 62.serves 63.to promote 64.has been put 65.shared
66．regularly 67.so 68.Though/Although/While 69.a 70.visitors
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