|作者：佚名 文章来源：网络 点击数： 更新时间：2018/11/20 11:30:25 |
Walk For Charity
Please join us for our annual Walk For Charity. Starting in Weldown, you and your friends can choose a delightful 10, 20 or 30 kilometers’ route.
The money raised will provide support to help people all over the world. Start collecting your sponsors now and then simply come along on the day. Please read the instructions below carefully, especially if you require transport to and from Weldown.
See you on Sunday 15 April.
V Jessop: Walk coordinator
PS. Well done to last year’s walkers for helping
to raise a grand total of ￡21,000. The money
has already been used to build a children’s playground.
10 km: 8-10 am 20 km: 8-10:30 am 30 km: 8-11:30 am
The organizers reserve the right to refuse late-comers.
CLOTHING should be suitable for the weather. If rain is forecast, bring some protection and be prepared for all possibilities. It is better to wear shoes that have been worn in, rather than ones that are new.
ROUTE MAPS will be available from the registration point. The route will be sign-posted and arranged. Where the route runs along the road, walkers should keep to one side in single file, facing oncoming traffic at all times. If you need help along the route, please inform one of the staff.
Free car parking is available in car parks and on streets in Weldown.
For the 10 and 20 kilometers’ routes, a bus will be waiting at Fenton to take walkers back to Weldown. The bus will leave every half hour starting at midday. The service is free and there is no need to book.
1. When may a walker be forbidden to join in the walk?
A. Parking a car on the streets. B. Being late for the walk.
C. Choosing the shortest route. D. Bringing no clothes for the weather.
2. What are the walkers advised to do?
A. To prepare new shoes for the walk. B. To book the bus ahead of time.
C. To care about their own safety. D. To donate at the registration point.
3. When will the first bus leave?
A. 11:30 am B. 12:30 pm C. 13:20 pm D. 14:40 pm
German carmaker Audi equipped some of its 2017 models in the United States with a new technology. The technology is known as V-to-I. Drivers will see a countdown on the car’s instrument panel (仪表板) to show when the traffic signal will turn green or red. The equipment was included on Audi’s Q7, A4 and A4 “Allroad” models built after June 1, 2016.
The service began in 2016 in at least five “smart” American cities. The information comes from government agencies that collect data to predict traffic flow. A private company partners with government officials to send the data to cars.
The countdown message goes away a few seconds before the light changes for safety. Pom Malhotra is the general manager of Audi’s connected cars division. He said the system was designed to provide drivers with a sense of ease and convenience. “A better informed driver means a less stressed driver,” an announcer said in an Audi video explaining the technology.
The company said the idea was to let drivers know exactly the time left before a signal changes. It suggested they use the time to make sure other passengers are fine or monitor car operations.
The technology raises the possibility that some drivers may use the vehicle’s countdown to talk on the telephone or send text messages. But Audi said it would never tell drivers to text while driving -- an activity that is illegal in almost all 50 states.
The goal was to integrate traffic infrastructure (基础设施) with cars on many city roads. This would let traffic signals use the vehicle data to regulate traffic, suggest better driving paths, or suggest speeds needed to hit all green lights.
4. What function does the new technology add to the car?
A. Reminding drivers to monitor car operations.
B. Preventing drivers phoning when driving.
C. Providing information on traffic signals.
D. Reporting traffic flow to government officials.
5. Why does the countdown message disappear before the light changes?
A. To avoid misleading drivers. B. To help drivers hit green lights.
C. To provide the newest information. D. To make sure drivers focus on driving.
6. How does the new system benefit drivers?
A. Making driving safe. B. Making driving fun.
C. Making drivers relaxed when driving. D. Making drivers have more spare time.
7. Which of the following can replace the underlined word “integrate” in the last paragraph?
A. Combine. B. Compare. C. Equip. D. Replace.
“Shake a leg” and “show a leg” are usually discussed together, but it isn’t at all clear how they are connected. Both phrases have more than one meaning.
“Shake a leg” means “hurry up” according to the definition in the New York Magazine in 1904. Before that, “shake a leg” had another meaning, which was “to dance”. There are several quotations from all kinds of American and British sources from the mid-19th century that are related to dancing. For example, the Dubuque Democratic Herald, October 1863, in an advertisement for a local ball: “Nearly every man in town able to shake a leg has purchased a ticket.”
“Show a leg” means either “make an appearance”, or it means “hurry up”. The second meaning isn’t commonly used, nor is it old. Whatever the source, it isn’t the original meaning of “show a leg”. Most commentators report that the phrase derives from the Royal Navy and that this was the order given to sailors to put a foot from their hammocks (吊床) and get up.
The use of “show a leg” as a wake-up call is well documented. John Masefield (Poet Laureate from 1930 to 1967) was a trainee mariner on HMS Conway until 1891. He reported the full version of the morning call as: “Heave out, heave out, heave out, heave out! Away! Come all you sleepers, Hey! Show a leg.” That’s the earliest quotation of the naval call I can find, although it may have been used well before 1891.
An alternative version comes from the fact that women were allowed on board Royal Navy ships in the 19th century and that they were allowed to stay asleep after the sailors had been woken. In the morning the bosun’s mates (水手长助手) had to check whoever was still asleep and did so by requiring them to show a leg over the side of the hammock. If a leg was hairy, it was probably male and its owner was ordered to get up and begin work. Believe that if you will; personally, I don’t.
All in all, although both of the two English slangs are sometimes used to mean “hurry up”, they are two independent phrases that were coined with different meanings.
8. How many ways does the slang “show a leg” come from?
A. 1. B. 2. C. 3. D. 4.
9. In which sentence does “shake a leg” have a different meaning?
A. I will shake a leg with him at the next ball with great pleasure.
B. Nearly every man in town able to shake a leg has purchased a ticket.
C. They wanted to shake a leg on a TV show.
D. You must shake a leg to catch the last bus.
10. What is the author’s attitude to the version mentioned in Paragraph 5?
A. Doubtful. B. Supportive. C. Indifferent. D. Neutral.
11. What is the author’s purpose of writing the text?
A. To persuade readers to learn slangs seriously.
B. To describe “shake a leg” and “show a leg”.
C. To distinguish “shake a leg” and “show a leg”.
D. To remark on “shake a leg” and “show a leg”.
About a month after I joined Facebook, I got a call from Lori Goler, a highly regarded senior director of marketing at eBay. She made it clear that this was a business call. “I want to apply to work with you at Facebook,” she said. “Instead of recommending myself, I want to ask you: What is your biggest problem, and how can I solve it?”
My jaw hit the floor. I had hired thousands of people over the previous decade and no one had ever said anything remotely like that. People usually focus on finding the right role for themselves, with the implication that their skills will help the company. Lori put Facebook’s needs front and center. It was a killer approach. I responded, “Recruiting is my biggest problem. And, yes, you can solve it.”
Lori never dreamed she would work in recruiting, but she jumped in. She even agreed to trade earnings for acquiring new skills in a new field. Lori did a great job running recruiting and within months was promoted to her current job, leading People@Facebook.
The most common metaphor for careers is a ladder, but this concept no longer applies to most workers. As of 2010, the average American had eleven jobs from the ages of eighteen to forty-six alone. Lori often quotes Pattie Sellers, who came up with a much better metaphor: “Careers are a jungle gym, not a ladder.”
As Lori describes it, there’s only one way to get to the top of a ladder, but there are many ways to get to the top of a jungle gym. The jungle gym model benefits everyone, but especially women who might be starting careers, switching careers, getting blocked by external barriers, or reentering the workforce after taking time off. The ability to create a unique path with occasional dips, detours (弯路), and even dead ends presents great views of many people, not just those at the top. On a ladder, most climbers are stuck staring at the butt of the person above.
12. Why did Lori make the call?
A. She helped Facebook to solve the biggest problem.
B. She wanted to make a business deal with Facebook.
C. She tried to ask for a pay rise in Facebook.
D. She wanted to become an employee in Facebook.
13. What impressed “me” most?
A. Lori was good at running recruiting.
B. Lori attached great importance to Facebook’s needs.
C. Lori jumped in Facebook with no adequate experience.
D. Lori was skilled in marketing at eBay.
14. What can we infer from the last two paragraphs?
A. Now all people don’t tend to climb the ladder.
B. None on the ladder can enjoy the great views.
C. Jungle gyms offer limited exploration for employees.
D. A pregnant woman, jobless, benefits little from the jungle gyms.
15. What is the best title of the passage?
A. How to get promoted at work. B. Facebook’s Biggest Problem.
C. Applying for a Job in Facebook. D. It’s a Jungle Gym, not a Ladder.
Four Steps to Begin Your Path to Greatness
Feeling stuck is quite common. Many times, we have thoughts and dreams of what we want in life. 16Our thinking pattern holds us back from going forward. The good news is that at any moment in time, we have the ability to start taking action toward creating the life we want. Here are four steps to get started：
Celebrate Your Success.
Write down all the success you’ve already achieved and tell yourself how awesome you are today. 17And once you’re in that positive routine with your thoughts, it will lead you to make better choices and take better actions toward your greatness．
Create Your True Vision.
Many times we live based on others’ expectations or we stay stuck in a particular place because it’s our safety zone. Own your path. It can be hard to do, but allow yourself to get out of your head(or stop listening to what others want for you)and focus on your heart and what it’s telling you. 18
If you want to start going to the gym, going from 0 day a week to 5 days a week right away is extreme, and setting yourself up by biting more than you can chew typically doesn’t result in success, but failure．Instead，start slow and go once or twice a week．After you do that for a while and get into a nice routine, up it to more days. Over time, you will build toward your goal by taking realistic, smaller steps to get there.
Have the Right Support．
20 Find the right support to cheer you on in the process. It could be a friend, a family member, or significant others who you trust. Whoever it may be, having someone on your journey will be just what you need to keep you on track and celebrate with you as you work toward the life you dream of.
A．Don’t do it alone．
B．Be realistic about your goals．
C．Be kind to yourself and accept the moment．
D．Your failure can lead you to another success．
E．This practice will direct your thinking to a positive place．
F. Sadly, they only stay as thoughts and dreams inside of us．
G．Look within yourself deeply and decide what you want and what’s true for you．
I had just arrived in this Asian country for a one-year teaching position. One day, I took the subway to visit some ancient palaces and temples in the downtown. The following account of what happened to me has taught me much about culture 21 .
Since all the 22 were taken, I stood. Suddenly, I felt someone pulling on my bag. 23 I probably was in someone’s way, I moved over slightly. But in one quick motion (动作), I felt my bag removed from my back, and in a flash it was 24 . I turned around to see who the thief was. I looked at the people standing behind me, but didn’t see my bag or any 25 . My heart sank and I began to 26 .
I glanced around the car only to find directly across from me was an elderly lady, and sitting on her lap was my 27 . I tried to get it back from her lap. But as I began to 28 it up, she quickly grabbed (抓住) it back and held onto it. I looked around at the people standing beside me, and those sitting beside her, but no one took any 29 of the situation. Trying not to cause a(an) 30 , I tried to negotiate through gestures. I used my hands as best as I could, but she 31 my requests for my bag and pointed to my back. She picked up my bag, showing how 32 it was. I finally began to understand. She was holding my bag to 33 me.
At the next stop, a middle-aged woman got on the crowded subway. Another elderly woman sitting down took her bag, 34 it on her lap. They didn’t talk; 35 this older woman was more than pleased to sit with this stranger’s bag on her lap throughout her journey.
As the subway pulled into the main downtown station and I was getting ready to get off, the woman 36 handed me back my bag. But 37 I had a chance to thank her, she had disappeared into the crowd.
Sadly, this considerate custom was more 38 to me than if I had been robbed. Everyone back home had heard of being robbed—that was 39 city behavior—but having a stranger hold onto someone’s bag out of 40 , in a city of twelve million people—that was truly unusual.
21. A. loss B. aim C. cause D. difference
22. A. cars B. seats C. buses D. stations
23. A. Deciding B. Assuming C. Admitting D. Expecting
24. A. broken B. emptied C. opened D. gone
25. A. victim B. criminal C. suspect D. passenger
26. A. panic B. scream C. leave D. regret
27. A. book B. bag C. money D. map
28. A. pull B. bring C. check D. wrap
29. A. advantage B. charge C. notice D. photo
30. A. attack B. scene C. accident D. change
31. A. received B. handled C. considered D. ignored
32. A. heavy B. small C. useful D. special
33. A. remind B. tease C. help D. warn
34. A. dropping B. tapping C. closing D. setting
35. A. yet B. so C. or D. because
36. A. angrily B. gratefully C. anxiously D. gently
37. A. until B. once C. before D. while
38. A. amusing B. surprising C. annoying D. disappointing
39. A. usual B. harmful C. practical D. suitable
40. A. curiosity B. pity C. kindness D. desperation
Felicity Miller, a 32-year-old British woman, 41 has a Chinese husband, still remembers the 42 (excite) when she first learned to use the “red packet” function on WeChat in 2015. She sent and grabbed some red packets in her Chinese family’s group. The rule in her family was that the person who grabbed the 43 (high) amount sent the next.
Attracted by the unique way of communicating, many foreigners 44 (join) in sending and grabbing red packets so far. Usually, the money in each packet is random. Thus the amount of money one can grab 45 (large) depends on his or her luck, from 0.01 yuan to less than 200 yuan. Many foreigners get more familiar 46 Chinese culture through “red packets”. Two years ago, when Felicity Miller was sent 5.20 or 8.88 yuan red packets, she had no clue about the 47 (hide) meanings. Now, she has not only known about 48 , but also has sent a few.
However, the popularity of virtual red packets doesn’t stop people sending paper red packets 49 (contain) real cash during the Spring Festival. It is called lucky money. In Chinese tradition, people take giving children lucky money as 50 blessing.
第一节 短文改错 (共10小题；每小题l分，满分10分)
2. 只允许修改l0处，多者 (从第11处起) 不计分。
Dear Li Mei,
With the midterm exam come, you must get prepared for it. In my opinion, that you need is a right study method. As we all know, there are three stage in study —preview, study in class and review, among them review is the most important. You should first make review plan, and then stick to it.
I follow my review plan strictly and had made progress. It turns out to be well enough. Of course, there are many ways to review. So long as you review regular, I’m sure that I can find more ways to study well.
If you have any questions, you may ask me and I’m glad to help you. We can meet in our school library in every Friday afternoon.
Dear Mr. Smith,
1-3 BCB 4-7 CDCA 8-11 BDAC 12-15 DBAD
第一节 完形填空 (共20小题；每小题1.5分，满分30分)
21-25 DBBDC 26-30 ABACB 31-35 DACDA 36-40 DCBAC
41. who 42. excitement 43. highest 44. have joined 45. largely
46. with 47. hidden 48. them 49. containing 50. a
第一节 短文改错 (共10小题；每小题l分，满分10分)
Dear Li Mei,
With the midterm exam come, you must get prepared for it. In my opinion, that you need is a
right study method. As we all know, there are three stage in study —preview, study in class and
review, among them review is the most important. You should first make ^ review plan, and then
stick to it.
I follow my review plan strictly and had made progress. It turns out to be well enough. Of
course, there are many ways to review. So long as you review regular, I’m sure that I can find
more ways to study well.
If you have any questions, you may ask me and I’m glad to help you. We can meet in our
school library in every Friday afternoon.
第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)参考范文：
Dear Mr. Smith,
I am Li Hua. At this moment, I’m honored to express our sincere thanks to you on behalf of my classmates.
We do appreciate everything that you have done for us. We have been very lucky to have you as our English teacher in the past years. With your help, everyone has made progress in both English learning and school life. We have enjoyed your teaching and guidance a lot. Your humorous stories, big smiles and encouraging words have already rooted in our memories.
Since you will leave soon, we wish you a pleasant journey back home and a happy life there. We will miss you. Thanks again, Mr. Smith.
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