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太原五中2018—2019学年度第一学期阶段性检测高三英语 试题与答案           ★★★
太原五中2018—2019学年度第一学期阶段性检测高三英语 试题与答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/10/30 12:04:51

太原五中2018—2019学年度第一学期阶段性检测
高  三  英  语 


第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £19.15.      B. £9.18.     C. £9.15.
答案是C。
1. What will James do tomorrow?
A. Watch a TV program.     B. Give a talk.    C. Write a report.
2. What can we say about the woman?
A. She’s generous.    B. She’s curious.      C. She’s helpful.
3. When does the train leave?
A. At 6:30.     B. At 8:30.     C. At 10:30.
4. How does the woman go to work?
A. By car.      B. On foot.     C. By bike.
5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Classmates.     B. Teacher and student.     C. Doctor and patient.
第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What does the woman regret?
A. Giving up her research.  
B. Dropping out of college.  
C. Changing her major.
7. What is the woman interested in studying now?
A. Ecology.     B. Education.     C. Chemistry.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What is the man?
A. A hotel manager.    B. A tour guide.    C. A taxi driver.
9. What is the man doing for the woman?
A. Looking for some local foods. 
B. Showing her around the seaside.
C. Offering information about a hotel.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Where does the conversation probably take place?
 A. In an office.    B. At home.     C. At a restaurant.
11. What will the speakers do tomorrow evening?
 A. Go to a concert.     B. Visit a friend.    C. Work extra hours.
12. Who is Alice going to call?
 A. Mike.       B. Joan.      C. Catherine.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Why does the woman meet the man?
 A. To look at an apartment.  
 B. To deliver some furniture.
 C. To have a meal together.
14. What does the woman like about the carpet?
 A. Its color.    B. Its design.    C. Its quality.
15. What does the man say about the kitchen?
 A. It’s a good size.      B. It’s newly painted.  C. It’s adequately equipped.
16. What will the woman probably do next?
 A. Go downtown.    B. Talk with her friend.   C. Make payment.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Who is the speaker probably talking to?
 A. Movie fans.       B. News reporters.    C. College students.
18. When did the speaker take English classes?
 A. Before he left his hometown.   
 B. After he came to America.
 C. When he was 15 years old.
19. How does the speaker feel about his teacher?
 A. He’s proud.       B. He’s sympathetic.   C. He’s grateful.
20. What does the speaker mainly talk about?
 A. How education shaped his life.     
 B. How his language skills improved.
 C. How he managed his business well.
 
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分60分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)
阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
 
21. Where would you probably see these three commercials?
A. On a website.          B. In a department store. 
C. In a magazine.       D. In a convenience store.
22. What do these three products have in common?
A. They are all available only at Best Buy.
B. They are all black in color.
C. They can all be used to deal with pet hair.
D. They can all be operated via a smartphone app.
23. If you decide to buy a Bagless Cordless Hand Vac next week, how much money will it cost you?
A. $99.       B. $48.       C. $65.       D. $41.6.
B
William Cary said he has learned to appreciate small victories with his 17-year-old son Ben, who has autism and doesn’t speak, so he choked up while describing how proud he was when Ben buttoned his pants for the very first time after going to the bathroom. But one victory that Ben achieved long ago was surfing. Since the age of six, he has been participating in Surfers Healing surf camps for children with autism.
The annual event returned recently to Tourmaline Surf Park in California. More than 150 children took turns riding the waves with 15 professional surfers as well as a small group of volunteers. Ben could hardly wait to get in the water with surfer Graham. Within minutes of hitting the sand, Ben mounted a long board (冲浪板) and Graham gently pushed him out into the thigh-high surf. Graham, who has an 11-year-old son with autism, said he’s seen firsthand how children immediately transform when they’re rolling in the ocean waves.
Surfers Healing was started 20 years ago by surfer Izzy Paskowitz and his wife, Danielle. One day while in Hawaii, their son Isaiah had a meltdown (情绪失控) on the beach and Izzy tried to distract the boy by tossing him into the waves. Suddenly, the boy’s anger was replaced by smiles and wonder, and Surfers Healing was born. Each year, the foundation hosts 25 camps around the world serving more than 5,000 autistic children, ranging in age from 3 to 25. About half of the group participating recently was new to the sport.
Paskowitz said the ocean has a healing power on people with autism. The rhythm of the waves calms them, and the sounds, sights, textures and temperatures create such a sensory overload (负荷) that it forces the mind to focus. Many of the children arriving at the beach initially covered their ears from the crash of the waves, but gradually these sensitivities disappeared. One teen camper who traveled with her mom from Arizona wouldn’t get out of the car for more than an hour. Finally, she was coaxed (哄骗) to take a brief ten-minute ride in the knee-high waves on a body board. As she returned to shore, a volunteer awarded her a small trophy for participation.
24. What was most probably the reason why Cary choked up?
A. He was proud that his son was a good surfer.
B. He achieved a small victory.
C. He took pride in his autistic son learning to take care of himself.
D. He was too surprised to see his autistic son button his own pants.
25. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Ben has suffered from autism since he was six.
B. Around 150 people took part in the recent surfing event in Tourmaline Surf Park.
C. Autistic people usually range in age from 3 to 25.
    D. Surfing is so stimulating to our senses that it forces autistic children to focus.
26. How did Surfers Healing come into being?
A. It was initiated 20 years ago by a foundation.
B. A boy went crazy on the beach of Hawaii two decades ago.
C. Surfer Izzy Paskowitz and his wife realized the healing effects of surfing 20 years ago.
D. Surfer Izzy Paskowitz’s son was cured of autism by surfing two decades ago.
27. What is the best title for the passage?
A. From Chaos to Peace        B. Surfing Washes Away Autism Symptoms
C. The Surfers’ Club           D. Transforming Powers of Surfing
C
“Everything happens for the best,” my mother said each time I faced disappointment or even depression. “If you carry on, one day, something good will happen. And you’ll realize that it wouldn’t have happened if not for that previous disappointment.”
Mother was right, but I didn’t realize that until I graduated from college in 1932. I had decided to try for a job in radio and then work my way up to be a sports announcer. I hitchhiked (搭顺风车) to Chicago and knocked on the door of every station — and got turned down every time. In one studio, a kind lady told me that in most cases, big stations couldn’t risk hiring an inexperienced person. “Go out in the remote areas and find a small station that’ll give you a chance,” she said. I went back home to Dixon, Illinois.
While there were no radio-announcing jobs in Dixon, my father said Montgomery Ward had opened a store and wanted a local athlete to manage its sports department. Since Dixon was where I had played high school football, I applied. The job sounded just right for me.
But I wasn’t hired. My disappointment must have shown. “Everything happens for the best.” Mom reminded me. Dad offered me the car to hunt for jobs. I tried WOC Radio in Davenport, Iowa. The program director, a wonderful Scotsman named Peter MacArthur, told me they had already hired an announcer.
As I left his office, my frustration boiled over. I asked aloud, “How can a fellow get to be a sports announcer if he can’t get a job in a radio station?” I was waiting for the elevator when I heard MacArthur calling, “What was that you said about sports? Do you know anything about football?” Then he stood me before a microphone and asked me to broadcast an imaginary game. The preceding autumn, my team had won a game in the last 20 seconds with a 65-yard run. I did a 15-minute boost to that play, and Peter told me I would be broadcasting Saturday’s game!
On my way home, as I have had many times since, I thought of my mother’s words, “If you carry on, one day, something good will happen. It wouldn’t have happened if not for that previous disappointment.”
28. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. The author graduated from college in the 1930s.
B. The author’s dream job was a sports announcer.
C. The author was refused by every radio station across the country.
D. The author was considered unqualified because of his lack of experience.
29. What does the underlined phrase “boil over” (in paragraph 5) most probably mean?
A. To pass on some evil emotions.   B. To become overwhelming.
C. To be turned into calmness.   D. To break down.
30. What can be inferred from the passage?
A. The author was given a car by his father after he failed his first-ever job interview.
B. The author’s mom always advised him to learn from his failures.
C. Peter MacArthur, the program director of WOC Radio, turned down the author for his lack of flexibility.
D. Peter MacArthur was able to recognize the talent of the author as a sports announcer.
31. What lesson can be drawn from the author’s experience in the passage?
A. When in Rome, do as the Romans do. 
B. Practice makes perfect.
C. No pain, no gain.      
D. The early bird catches the worm.
D
Analogical ability — the ability to see common relations between objects, events or ideas — is a key skill that underlies human intelligence and differentiates humans from other apes.
While there is considerable evidence that preschoolers can learn abstract relations, it remains an open question whether infants (婴儿) can as well. In a new Northwestern University study, researchers found that infants are capable of learning the abstract relations of sameness and difference after only a few examples.
“This suggests that a skill key to human intelligence is present very early in human development and that language skills are not necessary for learning abstract relations,” said lead author Alissa Ferry, who conducted the research at Northwestern.
To trace the origins of relational thinking in infants, the researchers tested whether seven- month-old infants could understand the simplest and most basic abstract relation — that of sameness and difference between two things. Infants were shown pairs of items that were either the same — two Elmo dolls — or different — an Elmo doll and a toy camel — until their looking time declined.
In the test process, the infants looked longer at pairs showing the novel (新奇的) relation, even when the test pairs were composed of new objects. In other words, infants who had learned the same relation looked longer at test pairs showing the different relation during the test. This suggests that the infants had noticed the abstract relation and found when the relation changed.
“We found that infants are capable of learning these relations,” said Ferry, now doing post-doctoral research at the International School for Advanced Studies in Italy. “Additionally, infants exhibit the same patterns of learning as older children and adults — relational learning benefits from seeing multiple examples of the relation and is blocked when attention is drawn to the individual objects composing the relation.”
Susan Hespos, a co-author of the study and associate professor of psychology at Northwestern’s Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, said, “We show that infants can form abstract relations before they learn the words that describe relations, meaning that relational learning in humans does not require language and is a fundamental human skill of its own.”
32. How do the infants show they recognize the sameness or difference between two things?
A. By looking at the difference longer.
B. By describing the difference happily.
C. By smiling at the difference.  
D. By crying at the difference loudly.
33. What does the underlined word “fundamental” (in the last paragraph) mean?
A. Basic.   B. Evident.  C. Useful.  D. Complicated.
34. What can we infer from the passage?
A. Apes have analogical ability.
B. Infants have difficulty gaining analogical ability.
C. Scientists have done little research on analogical ability.
D. Infants learn words later than analogical ability.
35. What is the passage mainly about?
A. Evidence on preschoolers’ abstract learning.
B. Infants born with analogical ability.
C. Human skills related to analogical ability.
D. A skill key to human intelligence.
第二节(共5小题,每小题3分,满分15分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Taking a vacation with friends could turn out to be the getaway of a lifetime or one that’s a total disaster. How do you make sure the trip is a success? ____36____. Here are some tips on planning a vacation with friends that’s memorable in the right kind of way.
Establish expectations first
You may think that you and a friend have the same idea of a holiday because you both want to go to the beach, but you might be interested in relaxing while your friend is looking forward to going to nightclubs. ____37____ or you are setting yourself up for conflict.
Have an itinerary (旅行路线)
When traveling with others, set an agenda ahead of time to avoid any last-minute, tense negotiation. Either work with a travel adviser to create the itinerary or delegate (委派) one person in the group for the job — it should show when activities start, and how long and what exactly they are. ____38____.
Build in some space
You don’t have to spend all your time with your friend. ____39____. Order room service for breakfast one day or plan other meals and a few tours for just you and your family. But it’s best to schedule these ahead of time — not when you feel that you cannot spend another minute together.
____40____
Deciding who is paying for what and how it will be tracked should be discussed before your trip. You can end up with one person who doesn’t drink feeling angry that they are splitting the bills with people who order expensive bottles of wine, and this is the kind of anger that can destroy a friendship.
A. Choose the ways to treat friends
B. Figure out money matters first
C. Make sure you understand each other’s ideas of vacation
D. In fact, taking breaks makes your time together more enjoyable
E. Different ways to parent may not matter at home but can be obvious on vacations
F. It’s all about choosing the right travel partners and going in with some ground rules
G. And everything should be optional, so whoever isn’t interested doesn’t have to join
 
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分55分)
第一节 (共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
It used to be an American tradition: as soon as school let out for the summer, many teens ___41___ their fast food uniform or grocery store apron and went to ___42___ at a summer job. But the ___43___ that seemed routine for people of the ___44___ is becoming a rarity.
When Pew ___45___ the average employment rates of ___46___ during summer months between 1948 and 2018, it found that the number of teens who do summer jobs has ___47___ in recent decades. In 1974 and 1984, over 55 percent of teens between the ages of 16 and 19 held jobs during July. ___48___ that number fell to just below 45 percent in 2004 — and by 2018, things were even ___49___, with only 31.6 percent of teens ___50___ during the summer.
    Pew notes that the ___51___ a teen is, the less likely he is to ___52___ a job. Last summer, 20 percent of 16-and 17-year-olds had jobs and 43.6 percent of 18-and 19-year-olds were employed.
    Why aren’t kids ___53___ more work? It’s tricky. Pew cites falling youth employment over time, but notes that other ___54___ like early school schedules and the rise of ___55___ summer internships (实习) might be to blame. And the Bureau of Labor Statistics does not ___56___ unpaid internships as employment, so all the teens doing internships aren’t being counted in these estimates (估算).
But ___57___ summer employment doesn’t just mean more time to___58___ with friends. It can have ___59___ effects on teens who don’t get a ___60___ to build their job skills, says Andrew Sum, a youth employment expert. He told the Pew Charitable Trusts’ Christine Vestal that for every year teens work, they can expect a 14 to 16 percent rise in their income during their twenties.
41. A. put on  B. take off C. put away D. throw away
42. A. play B. work C. volunteer D. compete
43. A. progress B. movement C. experience D. application
44. A. time B. past C. bottom D. country
45. A. kept  B. raised C. reduced D. examined
46.A. men B. women C. teenagers D. graduates
47. A. fallen B. remained C. doubled D. averaged
48. A. So B. Or  C. For D. But
49. A. safer B. worse C. stranger D. prettier
50. A. mentioned B. employed C. encouraged D. challenged
51. A. cleverer B. stronger C. happier D. younger
52. A. find B. finish C. abandon D. create
53. A. offering  B. getting  C. producing  D. avoiding
54. A. titles B. events C. issues D. accidents
55. A. unpaid B. shared C. remote D. traditional
56. A. report B. discuss C. count D. organize
57. A. coming up with B. looking forward to C. skipping out on D. making fun of
58. A. cooperate B. celebrate C. grow up  D. hang out
59. A. real  B. rapid C. instant D. temporary
60. A. course  B. change C. choice  D. chance
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
As we know, prolonged sitting has been linked to cancer, diabetes (糖尿病) and speeding up ageing. However, standing for long periods of time might not be good _____61_____  you either, according to a new study _____62_____ (publish) last year.
In the 12-year-long study, researchers looked at the workplace habits of 7,000 participants in Ontario Canada and _____63_____ (find) that those who stood at work were twice as likely _____64_____ (catch) heart disease in comparison to those who spent the day sitting down.
Standing for hours on end increases the pressure in the veins (血管), _____65_____ might contribute to the increased risk of heart disease. Prolonged standing has also been linked to chronic back pain and musculoskeletal disorders in the legs.
_____66_____ is suggested that employers should focus on wellness programs that target those who are subjected to prolonged periods of standing just as they would target daily _____67_____ (smoker). Those who cannot avoid standing at work should _____68_____ (regular) stretch during breaks to ease the muscles.
With studies _____69_____ (suggest) both sitting and standing for long periods of time carry health risks, perhaps the _____70_____ (solve) is to alternate between the two.
第四部分  写作 (共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
When I was in the seventh grade, I was too naughty that I had difficulty behave myself. My heart was in the right place, and I couldn’t always follow the rules. I played many trick on my schoolmates. As the result, I repeatedly sent to the office of the headmaster. Although I hated going to there, I didn’t hate the headmaster, who was kind and patience. When I got called to the headmaster’s office for the sixth time, I have no idea what I had done. There he told me, “I’ve heard you’ve been behaving really well lately. I want you to know how proudly I am of you.”
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假如你是某学校学生会主席,你校即将开展读书周 (Reading Week) 活动,为使此活动收到良好效果,你打算倡议同学们多读书,读好书。请根据下面的提示给同学们用英文写一封倡议书。
内容包括:
1.读书周活动的宗旨;
2.读书的益处;
3.发出倡议。
注意:1.文章开头结尾已给出,不计入总词数;
      2.可适当增加细节,使文章内容充实、连贯;
      3.词数100词左右。
Dear friends,
_______________________________________________________
                                                           Yours sincerely,
     Li Hua
太原五中2018-2019学年度第一学期第一次月考题
高 三 英 语 答 案
I. 听力 (每小题1.5分,共30分)
1-5: BCCBA  6-10: BABCC  11-15: ABAAC   16-20: BCBCA
II. 阅读理解 (每小题3分,共60分)
21-25: ACCCD   26-30: CBCBD   31-35: CAADB   36-40: FCGDB
III. 完形填空 (每小题2分,共40分)
41-45: ABCBD  46-50: CADBB  51-55: DABCA   56-60: CCDAD
IV. 语篇填空 (每小题1.5分,共15分)
61. for     62. published    63. found     64. to catch      65. which
66. It      67. smokers     68. regularly   69. suggesting   70. solution
V. 短文改错 (共10分)
1. too改为so          2. behave改为behaving   3. and改为but   
4. trick改为tricks      5. the改为a             6. I后加 was    
7. 去掉to             8. patience改为 patient   9. have改为 had       
10. proudly改为 proud
VI. 书面表达 (25分)
One possible version:
Dear friends,
I am Li Hua, chairman of the Students’ Union. I’m writing to appeal to you to do more reading.
Reading Week, which is arriving, is launched to encourage us students to read more books. As we all know, reading is beneficial to us in many ways. To begin with, reading is a good way to spend our spare time. Second, reading broadens our knowledge and enriches our life. In addition, reading allows us to learn from great people and live a better life.
 If we make reading part of our life, we will benefit from reading. Love books and live a better life.
                                                    Yours sincerely,
                                                           Li Hua


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