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Do you ever wish you were as thin as a model(模特) or as strong ......中考英语阅读解析           ★★★
Do you ever wish you were as thin as a model(模特) or as strong ......中考英语阅读解析
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/9/12 15:59:12

阅读下面材料,根据要求完成61~65题。
  Do you ever wish you were as thin as a model(模特) or as strong as your favourite football player? Maybe you wish you were taller or just thinner a little. Those thoughts are a natural part of growing up.
But learning what you can and can’t change about your body is part of growing up, too. It can be hard to do. But when people accept the way they look, they often feel happier.
Some children worry that they’re not growing and developing as fast as their friends. It’s important to know that puberty(青春期) doesn’t happen at the same time for every child. And there are no special medicines that can make it happen sooner!
Eating healthy foods and exercising more can make all children feel better. Why? Because they will help you feel energetic (精力充沛的) and keep your body working just the way it should be.
Watching TV and playing computer games can be fun, but they don’t do much for your body because you sit when you do them.
But when you move your body—by playing, dancing, taking part in sports, or even cleaning your room—you exercise your muscles(肌肉). When you exercise the muscle, it gets stronger. And when you have strong muscles, you can do whatever you want to do!
根据短文内容,回答问题(61—64),英译汉(65)。
36. When do people often feel happier about their bodies according to the passage? 
____________________________________________________________________________________
37. What do some children worry about in the third paragraph?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
38. Why do not watching TV and playing computers do much for your body?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
39. How does your muscle become when you exercise it? (仅用一词回答)
_____________________________________________________________________________________
40. 将划线句子翻译成汉语。
____________________________________________________________________________________
【答案】36. When people accept the way they look.   
37. They worry that they’re not growing and developing as fast as their friends./ They’re not growing and developing as fast as their friends.   
38. Because you sit when you do them.   
39. Stronger.   
40. 吃健康的食物并加强锻炼,能使所有的孩子感觉更好。
【解析】
【分析】
短文大意:本文针对青少年想改变自己的身体——比如更高、更瘦、更壮——的想法,作者给出了合理建议,指出学习自己能做的和不能改变身体也是成长的一部分,没有特别的药物能让身体更快地发生改变,相反多吃健康的食物和多运动可以让身体保持正常的工作状态。
【36题详解】
题意:根据短文,人们什么时候对自己的身体感到更快乐?考查细节理解题。根据But when people accept the way they look, they often feel happier.,可知当人们接受他们自己的样子时,通常会感到更快乐,故填When people accept the way they look.。
【37题详解】
题意:第三段中有些孩子担心什么?考查细节理解题。根据第三段开头Some children worry that they’re not growing and developing as fast as their friends.,可知担心他们的成长和发展不如他们的朋友快,故填They worry that they’re not growing and developing as fast as their friends./ They’re not growing and developing as fast as their friends.。
【38题详解】
题意:为什么看电视和玩电脑不会对你的身体有好处?考查细节理解题。根据第五段Watching TV and playing computer games can be fun, but they don’t do much for your body because you sit when you do them.,可知填Because you sit when you do them.。
【39题详解】
题意:你锻炼时肌肉会变得怎样?考查细节理解题。根据When you exercise the muscle, it gets stronger.,结合字数要求,可知填Stronger.。
【40题详解】
Eating healthy foods and exercising more 吃健康的食物和多运动,动名词结构做主语;can 能够;make all children feel better使所有的孩子感觉更好。根据句意结构,可知填:吃健康的食物并加强锻炼,能使所有的孩子感觉更好。
【点睛】该题是阅读短文回答问题,即根据文章的表层意思进行深层次的推理判断,组织语言回答问题。首先要粗读文章了解大意,其次通过细读,理解全文。在粗读的基础上,仔细阅读题后所给的题目,根据题目要求,再有重点地返回来仔细阅读。在阅读时要注意辨认和记忆具体事实,重要情节,事物的起因、过程、结果及发生的地点、时间等,这对题目的判断至关重要,需要考生综合所有的细节来理解把握。


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