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Small communities, with their distinctive character……阅读理解及答案           ★★★
Small communities, with their distinctive character……阅读理解及答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2016/12/29

Small communities, with their distinctive character—where life is stable and intensely human—are disappearing. Some have __26____ from the face of the earth, others are dying slowly, but all have ___27___ changes as they have come into contact with an ___28___ machine civilization. The merging of diverse peoples into a common mass has produced tension among members of the minorities and the majority alike.

The Old Order Amish, who arrived on American shores in colonial times, have ___29___ in the modern world in distinctive, small communities. They have resisted the homogenization  ___30___ more successfully than others. In planting and harvest times one can see their bearded men working the fields with horses and their women hanging out the laundry in neat rows to dry. Many American people have seen Amish families with the men wearing broad-brimmed black hats and the women in long dresses. In railway or bus ___31___.Although the Amish have lived with ___32___ America for over two and a half centuries. They have moderated its influence on their personal lives, their families, communities, and their values.

The Amish are often ___33___ by other Americans to be relics of the past who live a simple, inflexible life dedicated to inconvenient out-dated customs. They are seen as abandoning both modem ___34___ and the American dream of success and progress, But most people have no quarrel with the Amish for doing things the old-fashioned way. Their conscientious objection was tolerated in wartime. For after all. They are good farmers who ___35___ the virtues of work and thrift.

A)accessing                I)progress

B)conveniences             J)respective

C)destined                 K)survived

D)expanding               L)terminals

E)industrialized             M)undergone

F)perceived                N)universal

G)practice                 O)vanished

H)process


答案解析

Section A

26. [O] vanished

解析:从语法上判断,本空应该填入一个动词的过去分词,与前面的have构成现在完成时,再根据语义应该选择vanished,Some have vanished 意为:一些已经消失。

27. [M] undergone

解析:从语法上判断,本空应该填入一个动词的过去分词,与前面的have构成现在完成时,再根据语义应该选择undergone,but all have undergone changes意为:但是所有的社会团体都经历了改变。

28. [D] expanding

解析:从语法上判断,本空的词应该是形容词类的,再根据语义应该选择expanding,expanding machine civilization意为:扩大的机器文明。

29. [K] survived

解析:从语法上判断,本空应该填入一个动词的过去分词,与前面的have构成现在完成时,再根据语义应该选择survived,have survived in the modern world意为:在现代社会当中幸存了下来。

30. [H] process

解析:从语法上判断,本空应该填入一个名词做前面resisted的宾语,have resisted the homogenization process. 意为:抵制了同化进程。

31. [L] terminals

解析:从语法上判断,本空应该填入一个名词,in railway or bus terminals意为:在火车站或者汽车站。

32. [E] industrialized

解析:从语法上判断,本空的词应该是形容词类的,用来修饰America,industrialized America意为:工业化的美国。

33. [F] perceived

解析:从语法上判断,本空的词应该是过去分词,与前面的are 构成被动语态,The Amish are often perceived by other Americans to be relics of the past 意为:阿米什人经常被其他的美国人看作是过去的遗物。

34. [B] conveniences

解析:从语法上判断,本空应该填入一个名词做前面abandon的宾语,abandon modern conveniences 意为:抛弃了现代的便利。

35. [G] practice

解析:从语法上判断,本空应该填入一个动词做后面the virtues的谓语,practice the virtues of work and thrift意为:践行工作和节约的美德。

 



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