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In December 2016 Edgar M.Welch drove six hours from his home to 阅读理解答案           ★★★
In December 2016 Edgar M.Welch drove six hours from his home to 阅读理解答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/11/20 12:57:48

In December 2016 Edgar M.Welch drove six hours from his home to Washington D.C., where he opened fire in a pizzeria with a gun. He had previously read an online news story about the restaurant being the headquarters of a group of child abusers run by Hillary Clinton. He decided to investigate for himself; fortunately, no one was hurt.
The story about Hillary Clinton is one of the most famous examples of the growing phenomenon called ‘fake news’. It was quickly denounced by publications such as The New York Times. However, many people thought that these papers were themselves lying for political ends and instead of disappearing, the fake story snowballed. Tweets from ‘Representative Steven Smith of the 15th District of Georgia' claimed that the mainstream media were telling falsehoods. Even though both this name and district were invented, the message was re-tweeted many times. A YouTube accusation of The New York Times article got 250,000 hits.
  Fake news stories can be hard to control for several reasons. Many people mistrust established news sources and others just don't read them, so the debunking(揭穿) of a fake story by a serious newspaper has limited effect. In addition, the Internet is very hard to police. When users are caught misusing one media platform, they simply go to another one or start up a website themselves.
  There are also various reasons why people create fake news. Some have political motives, to belittle or attack their opponents. Other websites, like The Onion, deliberately publish fake news as satire-humorous comment on society and current affairs. Another group is in it for the profit: many people clicking on entertaining fake news stories can bring in a lot of advertising revenue. One man running fake news sites from Los Angeles said he was making up to US$30,000 a month in this way. There are also those, like the small-town teenagers in Macedonia who wrote fake news stories about Donald Trump, who seem to be motivated partly by money and partly by boredom.
(D)32.Why did Edgar  M.Welch go to the pizzeria?
A. He was trying to commit robbery.
B. He hated all supporters of Hillary Clinton.
C. He was investigating a crime as a private detective.
D. He was concerned about an online news story.
【解析】根据第一段He had previously read an online news story about the restaurant being the headquarters of a group of child abusers run by Hillary Clinton.可知,Edgar M.Welch去披萨肉饼店的目的是去弄清楚假新闻中提及的事情。文中并未表明他是一个私人侦探。
(A)33.Which of the following best explains “denounced” underlined in Paragraph 2?
A. Condemned.  B. Abused.
C. Followed.  D. Proved.
【解析】denounce 谴责。condemn 谴责,责备;abuse 辱骂;follow跟随;prove证明。
 (D)34.Which is most unlikely to be a reason for creating fake news?
A. Entertaining others as well as themselves.
B. Commenting on current affairs.
C. Attacking your political opponents.
D. Making money from people who pay to read the stories.
 【解析】根据最后一段Another group is in it for the profit: many people clicking on entertaining fake news stories can bring in a lot of advertising revenue. 可知,人们点击假新闻能够带来很多广告收益。写假新闻带来的收益并非来自付费阅读假新闻。
(B)35.How does the author feel about stopping fake news spreading?
A. Cautiously optimistic.  B. Doubtful.
C. Positive.  D. Indifferent.


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