The U.S. government, which played as “the world judge of human rights,” made attacks on the human rights situation in almost 200 countries and regions again in its newly-issued Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013. However, the U.S. carefully avoided mentioning its own human rights problems. In fact, there were still serious human rights problems in the U.S in 2013, with the situation in many fields deteriorating.
The number of violent crimes has risen sharply. The U.S. listed 1,214,464 violent crimes in 2012, of which 14,827 are murders, 84,376 rapes, 354,522 robberies and 760,739 serious violent attacks.
The U.S. government took freedom in monitoring (监控) its citizens, which shocked the world. Edward Snowden, a former CIA employee, disclosed a monitoring program carried out by the U.S. government. Under the program, the government rudely tracked citizens’ private emails, chats, audio and video data, documents and photos, identifying their locations, their traveling companions, and other personal information.
The U.S. citizens’ economic rights are still under challenge. Unemp loyment rates are high in the US. In 2007, nearly 80% people aged 25 to 54 in the U.S. had a job. In 2013, only about 76% people in that age group were working. Wealth gap in the US is widening. More than 47 million U.S. people living in poverty in 2012, and the poverty rate reached 15%. About 6.4 million people aged 65 and older were poor. The current gap between America’s rich and poor is the widest in history from 2012 all the way back to 1913. The richest 10 percent’s share of total income was 50.4% in 2012.
According to a survey carried out in 2012, at least 136 African-Americans were killed by policemen or security guards in the year. A latest report said that despite the fact that drug use was about the same for both black and white Americans, blacks were four times as likely as whites to be arrested for drug possession.
Some mainstream media, social organizations and politicians declare racist comments. On October 16, 2013, American Broadcasting Company’s Jimmy Kimmel Show aired a remark saying “kill everyone in China” and promoted racial hatred. It aroused unease and protests from Asian Americans especially Chinese Americans.
Sex discriminat ion(歧视) is still serious, and children’s rights are not well protected in the United States. Women are facing serious employment discrimination. On average, women made about 81% of the earnings of male full-time wage and salary. Women’s average annual income is $11,500 less than that of men’s. Women experienced frequent violent and sexual attacks.
50. The writer present this report because the U.S. government ________
A. is the world judge of human rights B. attacks 200 countries and regions
C. avoids mentioning some of its problems D. judges human rights in the world unfairly
51. What does the underlined word deteriorating mean here?
A. becoming worse B. remaining terrible
C. changing greatly D. improving slightly
52. The monitoring program of the U.S. was disclosed by ________.
A. the writer of the report B. those who got monitored
C. a former CIA e mployee D. a U.S. government leader
53. Which of the following shows wealth gap in the US is great?
A. 80% people aged 25 to 54 in the U.S. had a job.
B. 10 % rich people own 50.4% of the total income.
C. Unemployment rates are high in the US in 2013.
D. Women made about 81% of the male’s earnings.
54. Chinese Americans feel especially uneasy about ________.
A. some media declaring racist comments B. blacks being more likely to be arrested
C. children’s rights not being protected D. women becoming victims of violence
参考答案： 50-54 DACBA