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新目标英语七年级下册UNIT 7  It’s raining!检测题(附答案)           ★★★
新目标英语七年级下册UNIT 7  It’s raining!检测题(附答案)
作者:1 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2015-04-11 14:56:42

UNIT 7  It’s raining!检测题
(时间:60分钟;满分:100分)
一、听力部分(满分20分)(略)

二、笔试部分(满分80分)
Ⅰ.单项填空(每小题1.5分,满分15分)
21. —        the weather?
—Sunny.
A. How’s   B. Who’s   C. What   D. How
22. —How’s it        ?
—It’s not bad.
A. go   B. going   C. goes   D. to go
23. I’m        Helen. Do you know where she is?
A. looking up  B. looking after C. loo king at  D. looking for
24. —What are Mr. and Mrs. Black doing?
—They        tea in the garden.
A. are drinking B. drank   C. have drunk  D. drink
25. It is        outside.
A. cloud   B. clouds   C. cloudy   D. cloudly
26. —Hello! Is that Mr Wang speaking?
—Yes.       
A. Who’s that?     B. Who are you?
C. I’m speaking.     D. I’m Mr Wang.
27. They often go to the zoo        vacation.
A. at    B. in    C. to    D. on
28. —        is the weather like         Changchun?
—It’s cold.
A. What; about B. What; in  C. How; about  D. How; in
29.—Wha t is he doing?
—He is playing        soccer.
A. a    B. the   C. /    D. an
30. What        they        every evening?
A. are; do   B. do; do   C. are; doing  D. does; do
Ⅱ.完形填空(每小题1.5分,满分15分)
Have you ever seen (曾经见过) snow? Many people  31  the world have not. Some countries never have snow; some have only  32  on the tops of very high mountains.  33   the north of England  34  quite a lot of snow every winter,  35  in the south of England, there is usually little.
When a student from a  36  country comes to England in autumn for the first time, he feels cold  at first. There are often dark clouds, grey sky and cold rain in England in autumn, and most students from warm countries do not like this.
But snow is  37  .Though (尽管) it is cold, it is also beautiful. Perhaps (也许),after a few dark mornings, the student wakes up (醒来) one day and there is  38  in his room. He thinks “Is it so   39  ?”and jumps out of bed. But no, it is not very late. He looks out of the window and there is the snow on the ground and on the houses and  everywhere. The light of his room comes  40  clean, beautiful snow.
31. A. on   B. at    C. in    D. of
32. A. a little  B. little   C. a few   D. few
33. A. To   B. At   C. On   D. In
34. A. it is  B. there is  C. there have  D. there are
35. A. but   B. and   C. so   D. then
36. A. cold  B. warm   C. cool   D. other
37. A. difference B. different  C. same   D. t he same
38. A. a light  B. a sun   C. a lot of light D. some lights
39. A. late  B. later   C. early   D. earlier
40. A. from  B. out   C. of   D. in
Ⅲ.阅读理解(每小题2分,满分20分)
A
In England, people don’t often talk to each other when they travel. If you are on a bus or on a train, you can always see some people sitting and looking out of the window and other people reading books or newspapers.
English people often start a conversation (谈话) by talking about the weather. So when you meet somebody in England, you can say “Nice weather for the time of year!”
“But it was a little cold yesterday,” somebody may answer.
“But it will get a bit warmer later,” you can say.
Talk like this, and the English people will think, “How friendly you are!”
41. Some people sit and look out of the        on a train.
A. window   B. door    C. roof   D. hole
42. English people often        on the bus.
A. talk a lot      B. talk to each other 
C.eat something      D. read newspapers
43. When you meet an English people, you can start the conversation by talking about the        .
A. weather   B. time   C. food   D. countryside
44. According t o the passage, if you talk to English people about the weather, they will think        .
A. you are friendly B. you are right C. you are English D. you talk much
45. Which sentence is true?
A. English people like traveling by  bus.
B. English people don’t talk much when they’re on public transport.
C. English people are unfriendly.
D. English people don’t enjoy good weather.
B
April 22 is Earth Day. Everyone on earth should care about and protect the earth!
The earth has warmed by about 1(华氏度) over the past 100 years, but why and how? Well, scientists are not q uite sure. Maybe the earth gets warmer and warmer on its own. But many scientists say that people are doing many things which make the earth warmer.
First, greenhouse effect (温室效应) is a very important reason for the change of the earth. People give out too much energy into the air every year. It makes the earth warmer. Climate (气候) change is another important reason. Sometimes it becomes too hot and sometimes too cold. Sometimes there is too much rain and sometimes too little. The change of the climate makes the earth warmer. In turn, the warmth of the earth changes the climate, too.
When the earth becomes warmer, there may be more rain and a rise in sea level. It will affect the growth of plants, animals and people. On a Pacific island,100 people have to move to higher ground because the sea is rising. These people can no longer live on the coast. Before that, two islands without people went underwater in 1999.Scientists say that the seas can rise by nearly one metre by 2100.
People can affect the earth’s air, land and water. As for us, we can do many things to protect the earth. For example, we can use fridges less. We can tell more people about protecting the earth.
46. Earth Day is probably set for people to        .
A. learn more about the earth
B. make full use of the earth
C. take better care of the earth
D. study the warmth of the earth
47.We can infer(推断) from the passage that the reasons for the warmer earth are        now.
A. not very clear     B. completely secret
C. well known      D. not given yet
48. Greenhouse effect comes from        .
A.sea rising      B. climate change
C. nature’s unbalance    D. people’s activity
49. According to the passage,         may affect each  other.
A. animals and islands
B. climate and the warmth of the earth
C. fridges and animals
D. sea level and the growth of plants
50. The passage mainly tells us that        .
A. there is more rain now
B. we should protect the earth
C. we must stop pollution
D. sea level  is getting higher
Ⅳ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词(每小题1分,满分10分)
51. It’s s        outside now. The land is all white.
52. There are many peopl e on the beach. They are taking p        with their cameras.
53. In summer, the weather is usually very h        in Shenzhen.
54. The sun is shining brightly. It’s very s        .
55. How’s the w        in Beijing?
56. It’s c        (多云的).
57. There are a lot of c        in the world.
58. —How’s it going?
—P        good.
59. In w        , children like making snowmen and playing in the snow.
60. My family and I are on v        in Hainan.
Ⅴ.用括号里所给单词的适当形式填空(每小题1分,满分5分)
61. Look! They’re        (ride) camels.
62. Thanks for        (join) our basketball match.
63. It looks like rain. It’s        (cloud).
64. Everyone         (do) some cleaning every day.
65. Look! They’re taking         (photo) over there.
Ⅵ.根据汉语意思完成句子(每小题1分,满分5分)
66.现在欧洲天气怎么样?
        the weather        Europe now?
67.你能给他捎个信吗?
Could you                          for him?
68.李梅,你最近好吗?
         it        ,Li Mei?
69.现在老师们正在度假。
Now the te achers are                 .
70.这个女孩正在高兴地唱歌。
The girl is                                   singing.
Ⅶ.书面表达(满分10分)
写一张明信片给布朗小姐,她的地址是:153 Park Street, London, England。大致内容:伦敦的天气如何,经常下雨吗?我们这儿天气不错,树是绿的,花是红的,欢迎来中国。梅梅
Dear,
_______________________________________
_________________________ ______________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
                                Meimei Miss Brown
                  
                  

 
UNIT 7  It’s raining! 检测题参考答案


二、笔试部分
Ⅰ. 21.A  对天气状况提问,使用固定句型What’s the weather like?或How’s the weather?只有A项符合句型结构。
22.B  How’s it going?用来询问对方状况如何或事情的进展情况,故选B项。
23.D  由后一句句意“你知道她在哪儿吗?”可推知前句句意为“我在找海伦”,A项意为“查寻”,指在词典、书籍中查找;B项意为“照看,照料”;C项意为“看”;D项意为“寻找”,只有D项符合句意,故选D项。
24.A  由问句“布莱克先生和太太在做什么?”可知答语也用进行时态,谓语动词要用be+v.-ing形式,故只有A项符合。
25.C  句意为“外面阴天”,表示“多云的,阴的”,要用形容词cloudy,因此可排除A、B、D三项,故选C项。
26.A  由前句Hello! Is that Mr. Wang speaking?可知此处为打电话用语,英语中打电话说“你是谁?”“你是……吗?”“我是……”,习惯上不用you或I,而用that表示“你”,用this表示“我”,故可排除B、C、D三项,故选A项。
27.D  on vacation意为“度假”。句意为“他们假期常去动物园”。
28.B  由答语“It’s cold.”可知问句询问“天气状况”,询问天气状况常用句型How’s the weather...?或What’s the weather like...?因为句中有like,故用what,可排除C、D两项,询问某地天气如何,在城市或国家前要用介词in,故选B项。
29.C  play与球类运动名词连用时,球类运动名词前不用定冠词,soccer意为“(英式)足球”,故不用冠词,选C项。
30.B  由句末的时间状语every evening“每天晚上”可知是表示经常性、习惯性的动作,要用一般现在时,且主语为they,可排除A、C、D三项,故选B项。
Ⅱ. 31.C  in the world意为“在世界上”。
32.A  little, a little后接不可数名词或代替不可数名词;few, a few后接可数名词或代替可数名词,前文指的是snow,snow为不可数名词,故选A。
33.D  表示“在(……的北部)”介词用in。
34.B  结合后文的snow可知用there is,因为there is后接不可数名词或可数名词单数。
35.A  后面的there is usually little与前面的句子形成对比,表示转折关系,故用but。
36.B  结合下文中的warm countries可知指的是来自气候暖和的国家的学生。
37.B  与上文的内容对比,snow与dark clouds, grey sky,cold rain不同。
38.C  屋子里有许多亮光,light为不可数名词。
39.A  late意为“晚的”。
40.A  come from意为“来自”。
Ⅲ. 41.A  由第一段的“If you are on a bus or on a train, you can always see some people sitting and looking out of the window...”可知选A。
42.D  由第一段“In England, people don’t often talk to each other when they travel...and other people reading books or newspapers.”可知“在英国,当人们出行时他们不常互相谈话,如果你在公共汽车或火车上,你常可以看到一些人坐着向窗外看,另一些人读书或看报”,故A项“健谈”;B项“互相谈论”;C项“吃一些东西”都不符合文意,而D项意为“看报纸”,是文中提到的,故选D项。
43.A  由第二段的“English people often start a conversation(谈话) by talking about the weather.”可知“英国人常常通过谈论天气开始一个话题”,故选A项,B项意为“时间”,C项意为“食物”,D项意为“乡村”,都不符合文意。
44.A  由文章最后一句“Talk like this, and the English people will think, ‘How friendly you are!’”可知,如果你像这样谈话(谈论天气),英国人会认为你很友好。
45.B  A项意为“英国人喜欢乘公共汽车旅行”,文中未提到,故排除;B项意为“英国人在乘坐公共交通工具时不常交谈”,与短文第一句话相符;C项意为“英国人不友好”;D项意为“英国人不喜欢好天气”,都与文章不符。题目询问哪项表述正确,故选B项。
46.C  由第一段“April 22 is Earth Day. Everyone on earth should care about and protect the earth!”可知选C。
47.A  由第二段中“Well, scientists are not quite sure.”可知原因还不是很清楚。故选A。
48.D  由文中第二段的“But many scientists say that people are doing many things which make the earth warmer.”可知,人们的活动引起了温室效应。故选D。
49.B  由文中第三段的“The change of the climate makes the earth warmer. In turn, the warmth of the earth changes the climate, too.”可知选B项。
50.B  本文主要告诉我们要保护地球。故选B。
Ⅳ. 51.snowing  根据句意知,正在下雪。
52.photos  take photos意为“照相”。
53.hot  hot意为“热的”。
54.sunny  根据上句句意知,天气是晴朗的。
55.weather
56.cloudy  cloudy为形容词,意为“多云的”。
57.countries  country意为“国家”。
58.Pretty  pretty作副词,修饰其后的形容词good。
59.winter  winter 冬天。
60.vacation  on vacation在度假。
Ⅴ. 61.riding  62.joining 63.cloudy  64.does  65.photos
Ⅵ. 66.How’s,in  67.take a message   68.How’s,going
69.on vacation   70.having a good/great time
Ⅶ.One possible version:
Dear Miss Brown,
How is the weather in London? Does it often rain? The weather here is fine. The trees are green and flowers are red. Welcome to China.
Meimei Miss Brown
153 Park Street,
London, England

 


 



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